The Different Types of Real Estate

Real estate includes land and anything on it, such as buildings and natural resources. Investors purchase property to earn rental income or resell for profit.

Real Estate

Real estate developers buy raw land, rezone it, and build or renovate buildings on the ground to sell or lease to end users. They also provide sales and marketing services and receive a commission. Visit to learn more.

Residential real estate refers to houses and apartments that are built for the purpose of living in. These properties can be owned by individuals or families and leased to tenants. They may include single-family homes, multifamily homes, and townhouses. They also include condominiums, which are privately-owned homes that share common walls with other condos within the same building. Residential real estate can be an excellent investment for people who want to generate passive income and enjoy the benefits of owning a property without the hassle of maintaining it.

A key factor for success in residential real estate is finding the right property in a desirable location. These properties are typically closer to schools, parks, and public transportation and offer a better lifestyle for residents. They are also easier to market to potential tenants. Another advantage of residential real estate is that it has a lower barrier to entry than commercial real estate. This means that investors with limited capital can still find good deals and achieve great returns on their investments.

In addition to the local market, residential real estate values are affected by mortgage financing and interest rates. Consequently, these factors have a bigger impact on the residential real estate market than the commercial one. Residential real estate investors should look for opportunities in areas with low vacancy and stable mortgage rates.

Unlike commercial properties, residential properties usually have short-term leases. This makes them more flexible and allows the landlord to adjust the rent according to current market conditions. However, this can lead to increased tenant turnover if the landlord doesn’t manage the property well. In addition, the cost of repairing the property can increase over time. Moreover, many of the requirements and regulations of residential real estate can be challenging to navigate for an investor with little experience in this field.


Commercial real estate includes properties used for business purposes rather than housing, such as office space, retail spaces and apartment complexes (or “multifamily”). It also refers to property occupied by businesses in other forms of ownership or use, such as manufacturing facilities. Commercial real estate can be a lucrative investment with a higher potential for rental income than residential real estate, but it’s also more complicated to manage and riskier to invest in.

To make the distinction between residential and commercial properties, think about the purpose of a lemonade stand. Your kids set up a lemonade stand in your driveway to sell goods or services; that is considered commercial. Your home, on the other hand, is a place where you live and raise your family.

When investing in commercial real estate, investors are looking to earn a return through rental income and price appreciation. Investors can choose to invest directly in a property or indirectly through publicly traded real estate investment trusts (REITs). Investing directly in commercial real estate requires more expertise and capital than investing in residential property, but it can yield significant returns.

The four major categories of commercial property are office space, retail space like malls and stores, industrial space such as warehouses and hotels, and apartment complexes or multifamily rentals. The latter category consists of five or more units, such as apartments, condominiums and townhomes. Multifamily buildings can be high-rise or low-rise, and can be classed as Class A, Class B or Class C.

Choosing the right type of commercial property to invest in depends on your goals, risk tolerance and time horizon. If you want to make a quick profit, consider rehabbing or wholesaling a residential property. If you’re in it for the long haul, investing in commercial properties may be a better option, as they can produce a steady flow of rental income over a longer period of time.

Another consideration is your access to financing for your commercial real estate investments. Janover offers a wide range of commercial mortgage rates, which can help you meet the needs of your specific property. Our platform removes the barriers that can prevent borrowers from accessing financing for their projects, and our experienced team can provide you with the tools you need to succeed.


Industrial real estate is the backbone of our economy, supporting trade, e-commerce and supply chains. It’s one of the more versatile real estate sectors, encompassing a broad range of asset types including light and heavy manufacturing, warehouse space (both large and small), distribution centers, logistics facilities, “flex” space that incorporates a mix of industrial and office use, and self-storage facilities.

The demand for industrial real estate stems from a variety of sources, with consumption and e-commerce among the most prevalent. These demands require massive warehouses that can quickly and efficiently move goods from manufacturers to consumers. E-commerce in particular is driving demand for industrial spaces, as companies like Amazon can now ship directly to consumers in metropolitan areas in a matter of hours, requiring immense warehouse space to fulfill orders.

Many industrial buildings are located in infill locations proximate to transportation hubs such as seaports, highway and rail junctions and airports. This allows for easy access to shipping routes that connect the facilities with global trade routes. Other industrial facilities are situated in the proximity of urban population centers to support burgeoning consumer demand for same-day and next-day delivery services, necessitating properties with adequate parking and truck or trailer storage.

In general, industrial properties tend to feature favorable lease terms and minimal upkeep costs, making them attractive investments for investors seeking a consistent revenue stream. Additionally, industrial tenants are typically required to customize the space to their production or storage needs, so they are less likely to leave a property easily.

Considering the high levels of demand for industrial spaces, it’s important for prospective buyers to understand what their investment goals are and where they stand in the market before pursuing a particular opportunity. Some buyers may be able to benefit from seller financing or the backing of a larger parent company, which could help them to differentiate themselves in competitive bidding situations and/or secure more attractive asset valuations.

Investors should also consider the impact of higher interest rates on the industrial real estate sector. Inflationary pressures and the prospect of future rate increases will likely push borrowing costs up, which could affect property valuations, transaction structures and deal volumes. This could tamp down enthusiasm for the asset class, especially among those heavily reliant on debt financing.


Land real estate is the property that makes up a parcel of earth, minus any permanent man-made additions like buildings and houses. It encompasses all natural elements, including soil and water resources as well as wildlife and minerals. The value of a piece of land can be increased by its location in relation to other desirable features, such as the proximity of a city or body of water.

In the business world, land can also be viewed as an investment opportunity. It can be used for commercial or residential purposes, depending on the zoning ordinances of the area in which it is located. Land can also provide valuable natural resources, such as oil and gas, which may be extracted and sold for a profit.

When investors consider buying land, they should take into account any costs associated with preparing the site for its intended use. These expenses might include demolition of existing structures, clearing away trees and other debris, and paying for legal fees. In addition, land owners might be subject to property taxes, a recurring expense.

Investors purchase land with the intention of developing it, often for commercial or residential real estate enterprises that are subject to zoning regulations. Because land is a limited resource, it can be very expensive. In addition, the scarcity of land can make it very desirable.

The term land is often used interchangeably with real estate, although there are differences. Real estate is a type of property that includes land and any permanent man-made additions. Land refers to a physical portion of the earth, which extends from the center of the planet down to its surface and into space.

The word “real” means actual or genuine. The word estate is derived from the Latin estate, meaning a holding of some sort. The phrase real estate is therefore synonymous with “real property.” However, the word can be more broadly defined to mean all things that are corporeal or incorporeal, including all living organisms and even ideas and emotions. This is why the phrase is sometimes used to refer to all property, whether it is land, building or personal possessions.